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Monday, 28 March 2011 20:18

Power Generation and Water Treatment

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In addition to liquor recovery, pulp mills recover a significant portion of energy from burning waste materials and by-products of the process in power boilers. Materials such as bark, wood waste and dried sludge collected from effluent treatment systems may be burned to provide steam to power electrical generators.

Pulp and paper mills consume vast amounts of fresh water. A 1,000 tonne per day bleached kraft pulp mill may use more than 150 million litres of water a day; a paper mill even more. In order to prevent adverse effects on mill equipment and to maintain product quality, the incoming water must be treated to remove contaminants, bacteria and minerals. Several treatments are applied depending on the quality of the incoming water. Sedimentation beds, filters, flocculants, chlorine and ion exchange resins are all used to treat water before it is used in the process. Water that is used in the power and recovery boilers is further treated with oxygen scavengers and corrosion inhibitors such as hydrazine and morpholine to avoid deposits forming in the boiler tubes, to reduce metal corrosion, and to prevent carry-over of water to the steam turbine.

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Agriculture and Natural Resources Based Industries
Beverage Industry
Fishing
Food Industry
Forestry
Hunting
Livestock Rearing
Lumber
Paper and Pulp Industry
Major Sectors and Processes
Disease and Injury Patterns
Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides

Paper and Pulp Industry Additional Resources

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Paper and Pulp Industry References

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