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Monday, 28 March 2011 20:15

Recycled Paper Operations

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The use of waste or recycled paper as the raw material for pulp production has increased during the last several decades, and some paper plants depend almost completely on waste paper. In some countries, waste paper is separated from other household waste at the source before it is collected. In other countries separation by grade (e.g., corrugated board, newsprint, high-grade paper, mixed) takes place in special recycling plants.

Recycled paper can be repulped in a relatively mild process which uses water and sometimes NaOH. Small metal pieces and plastics may be separated during and/or after repulping, using a debris rope, cyclones or centrifugation. Filling agents, glues and resins are removed in a cleaning stage by blowing air through the pulp slurry, sometimes with the addition of flocculating agents. The foam contains the unwanted chemicals and is removed. The pulp can be de-inked using a series of washing steps which may or may not include the use of chemicals (i.e., surfactant fatty acid derivatives) to dissolve remaining impurities, and bleaching agents to whiten the pulp. Bleaching has the disadvantage that it may reduce fibre length and therefore lessen final paper quality. The bleaching chemicals used in recycled pulp production are usually similar to those used in brightening operations for mechanical pulps. After the repulping and de-inking operations, sheet production follows in a manner very similar to that using virgin fibre pulp.

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Agriculture and Natural Resources Based Industries
Beverage Industry
Fishing
Food Industry
Forestry
Hunting
Livestock Rearing
Lumber
Paper and Pulp Industry
Major Sectors and Processes
Disease and Injury Patterns
Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides

Paper and Pulp Industry Additional Resources

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Paper and Pulp Industry References

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