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Thursday, 18 August 2011 04:51

Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic: Physical & Chemical Hazards

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Physical

Chemical

UN Class or Division /  Subsidiary Risks

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
628-96-6

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion • Reacts with acids

NITROETHANE
79-24-3

Heating may cause violent combustion or explosion • May explode on heating rapidly to high temperature • Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with strong alkalies, acids or combination of amines and heavy metal oxides • On combustion, forms toxic gases (nitrogen dioxide) • The substance decomposes on heating above 300°C producing toxic fumes (nitrogen oxides) • The substance is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxidants • May attack some forms of plastic

3

NITROMETHANE
75-52-5

The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible

May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion • May explode on heating • The substance decomposes on heating producing nitrogen oxides • Reacts with alkalis causing compound formation which when dry pose explosion hazard • Forms shock sensitive mixture with amines

3

PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE
78-11-5

1.1D

For UN Class: 1.5 = very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard; 2.1 = flammable gas; 2.3 = toxic gas; 3 = flammable liquid; 4.1 = flammable solid; 4.2 = substance liable to spontaneous combustion; 4.3 = substance which in contact with water emits flammable gases; 5.1 = oxidizing substance; 6.1 = toxic; 7 = radioactive; 8 = corrosive substance

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides
Guide to Occupations
Guide to Chemicals
Resources
Guide to Units and Abbreviations