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Thursday, 18 August 2011 04:52

Nitrocompounds, Aliphatic: Physical & Chemical Properties

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (ºC)

Auto Ignition Point (º C)

AMYL NITRITE
110-46-3

yellowish, transparent liquid

99

117.1

sl sol

0.8828

4.0

1-CHLORO-1-NITRO­ETHANE
598-92-5

124.5

109.51

insol

1.2837

2-CHLORO-2-NITRO­PROPANE
594-71-8

liquid

133.6

123.55

@ 20 ° C

@ 20 ° C/20 ° C

4.3

@ 25 ° C

57 ° C oc

1-CHLORO-1-NITRO­PROPANE
600-25-9

liquid

143

123.54

0.5ml/100 ml

1.209

0.3

@ 25 ºC

62 oc

CHLOROPICRIN
76-06-2

slightly oily liquid; colourless; faint yellow liquid.

112

-69.2

164.4

sol

1.6558

5.7

@ 0 º C

1,1-DICHLORO-1-NI­TROETHANE
594-72-9

colourless liquid

124

143.9

0.25 ml/100 ml

1.4271

5.0

@ 25 ºC

76 oc

DIETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
693-21-0

liquid

161

-11.6

sl sol

@ 25 ºC

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
628-96-6

yellowish, oily liquid; colourless

197-200

-22.3

152.06

insol

1.4918

5.24

7 Pa

215 cc

114

ETHYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE mixed with NITROGLYCERIN (1:1)
53569-64-5

pale yellow, viscous liquid

197-200

-22.3

152.06

sl sol

1.4978

218

ETHYL NITRATE
625-58-1

colourless liquid

87.2 ° C at 762 mm Hg

94.6 ° C

91.07

@ 55 ° C

1.1084 at 20 ° C/4 ° C

3.1

lower, 4.0% by vol

10

ETHYL NITRITE
109-95-5

colourless or yellowish, clear liquid

17

-50

75.07

slightly sol

@ 15 ° C/15 ° C

2.6

4.0% ll  50.0% ul by volume in air

-35 ° C

90 (decom­poses)

NITRILOTRIACETIC ACID
139-13-9

prismatic crystals from hot water; white crystalline powder

242

191.1

sl sol

> 1

NITROETHANE
79-24-3

oily liquid; colourless liquid

114

-50

75.07

sl sol

@ 25 ºC/4 ºC

2.58

2.08

4.0 ll
? ul

28

414

NITROGLYCERIN
55-63-0

pale yellow triclinic or rhombic crystals below melting point; viscous liquid; pale-yellow, oily liquid

260

13

227.1

sl sol

1.5931

7.8

0.0025 mm Hg

270

NITROMETHANE
75-52-5

colourless liquid; oily liquid

101.1

-29

61.04

sol

1.14

2.11

3.5

7.3 ll
? ul

35 cc

417

1-NITROPROPANE
108-03-2

colourless liquid

131.6

-108

89.09

sl sol

@ 25 ºC/4 ºC

3.1

7.5 mm Hg

2.2

34

2-NITROPROPANE
79-46-9

colourless liquid

120

-93

89.09

sl sol

@ 25 ºC/4 ºC

3.06

@ 25 ºC

2.6 ll
11.0 ul

24 cc

428

PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE
78-11-5

white crystalline; prisms (acetone-alcohol)

@ 50 mm Hg

140

316.1

sl sol

1.773

PROPYL NITRATE
627-13-4

110

105.09

sl sol

1.0538

1,2-PROPYLENE GLYCOL DINITRATE
6423-43-4

colourless liquid

121

-27.7

166.09

sol

0.9234

361

TETRANITROMETHANE
509-14-8

pale yellow liquid; colourless oily fluid

126

13.8

196.0

insol

1.6229

0.8

@ 25 ºC

 

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Guide to Occupations
Guide to Chemicals
Resources
Guide to Units and Abbreviations