" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."
Agricola, G. 1950. De Re Metallica, translated by HC Hoover and LH Hoover. New York: Dover Publications.
Bickel, KL. 1987. Analysis of diesel-powered mine equipment. In Proceedings of the Bureau of Mines Technology Transfer Seminar: Diesels in Underground Mines. Information Circular 9141. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Bureau of Mines. 1978. Coal Mine Fire and Explosion Prevention. Information Circular 8768. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
—. 1988. Recent Developments in Metal and Nonmetal Fire Protection. Information Circular 9206. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Chamberlain, EAC. 1970. The ambient temperature oxidisation of coal in relation to the early detection of spontaneous heating. Mining Engineer (October) 130(121):1-6.
Ellicott, CW. 1981. Assessment of the explosibility of gas mixtures and monitoring of sample-time trends. Proceeding of the Symposium on Ignitions, Explosions and FIres. Illawara: Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Environmental Protection Agency (Australia). 1996. Best Practice Environmental Management in Mining. Canberra: Environmental Protection Agency.
Funkemeyer, M and FJ Kock. 1989. Fire prevention in working rider seams prone to spontaneous combustion. Gluckauf 9-12.
Graham, JI. 1921. The normal production of carbon monoxide in coal mines. Transactions of the Institute of Mining Engineers 60:222-234.
Grannes, SG, MA Ackerson, and GR Green. 1990. Preventing Automatic Fire Suppression Systems Failure on Underground Mining Belt Conveyers. Information Circular 9264. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Greuer, RE. 1974. Study of Mine Fire Fighting Using Inert Gases. USBM Contract Report No. S0231075. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Griffin, RE. 1979. In-mine Evaluation of Smoke Detectors. Information Circular 8808. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Hartman, HL (ed.). 1992. SME Mining Engineering Handbook, 2nd edition. Baltimore, MD: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration.
Hertzberg, M. 1982. Inhibition and Extinction of Coal Dust and Methane Explosions. Report of Investigations 8708. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Hoek, E, PK Kaiser, and WF Bawden. 1995. Design of Suppoert for Underground Hard Rock Mines. Rotterdam: AA Balkema.
Hughes, AJ and WE Raybold. 1960. The rapid determination of the explosibility of mine fire gases. Mining Engineer 29:37-53.
International Council on Metals and the Environment (ICME). 1996. Case Studies Illustrating Environmental Practices in Mining and Metallurgical Processes. Ottawa: ICME.
International Labour Organization (ILO). 1994. Recent Developments in the Coalmining Industry. Geneva: ILO.
Jones, JE and JC Trickett. 1955. Some observations on the examination of gases resulting from explosions in collieries. Transactions of the Institute of Mining Engineers 114: 768-790.
Mackenzie-Wood P and J Strang. 1990. Fire gases and their interpretation. Mining Engineer 149(345):470-478.
Mines Accident Prevention Association Ontario. n.d. Emergency Preparedness Guidelines. Technical Standing Committee Report. North Bay: Mines Accident Prevention Association Ontario.
Mitchell, D and F Burns. 1979. Interpreting the State of a Mine Fire. Washington, DC: US Department of Labor.
Morris, RM. 1988. A new fire ratio for determining conditions in sealed areas. Mining Engineer 147(317):369-375.
Morrow, GS and CD Litton. 1992. In-mine Evaluation of Smoke Detectors. Information Circular 9311. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). 1992a. Fire Prevention Code. NFPA 1. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1992b. Standard on Pulverized Fuel Systems. NFPA 8503. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1994a. Standard for Fire Prevention in Use of Cutting and Welding Processes. NFPA 51B. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1994b. Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers. NFPA 10. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1994c. Standard for Medium and High Expansion Foam Systems. NFPA 11A. Quncy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1994d. Standard for Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems. NFPA 17. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1994e. Standard for Coal Preparation Plants. NFPA 120. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1995a. Standard for Fire Prevention and Control in Underground Metal and Nonmetal Mines. NFPA 122. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1995b. Standard for Fire Prevention and Control in Underground Bituminious Coal Mines. NFPA 123. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996a. Standard on Fire Protection for Self-propelled and Mobile Surface Mining Equipment. NFPA 121. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996b. Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code. NFPA 30. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996c. National Electrical Code. NFPA 70. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996d. National Fire Alarm Code. NFPA 72. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996e. Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. NFPA 13. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996f. Standard for the Installation of Water Spray Systems. NFPA 15. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996g. Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems. NFPA 2001. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
—. 1996h. Recommended Practice for Fire Protection in Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage DC Converter Stations. NFPA 850. Quincy, MA: NFPA.
Ng, D and CP Lazzara. 1990. Performance of concrete block and steel panel stoppings in a simulated mine fire. Fire Technology 26(1):51-76.
Ninteman, DJ. 1978. Spontaneous Oxidation and Combustion of Sulfide Ores in Underground Mines. Information Circular 8775. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
Pomroy, WH and TL Muldoon. 1983. A new stench gas fire warning system. In Proceedings of the 1983 MAPAO Annual General Meeting and Technical Sessions. North Bay: Mines Accident Prevention Association Ontario.
Ramaswatny, A and PS Katiyar. 1988. Experiences with liquid nitrogen in combating coal fires underground. Journal of Mines Metals and Fuels 36(9):415-424.
Smith, AC and CN Thompson. 1991. Development and application of a method for predicting the spontaneous combustion potential of bituminous coals. Presented at the 24th International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes, Makeevka State Research Institute for Safety in the Coal Industry, Makeevka, Russian Federation.
Timmons, ED, RP Vinson, and FN Kissel. 1979. Forecasting Methane Hazards in Metal and Nonmetal Mines. Report of Investigations 8392. Washington, DC: Bureau of Mines.
United Nations (UN) Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and the German Foundation for International Development. 1992. Mining and the Environment: The Berlin Guidelines. London: Mining Journal Books.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 1991. Environmental Aspects of Selected Non-ferrous Metals (Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Au) in Ore Mining. Paris: UNEP.