Sunday, 07 August 2011 07:09

Halogenated Saturated Hydrocarbons: Physical & Chemical Properties

Rate this item
(0 votes)

Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point (°C)

1-BROMOBUTANE
109-65-9

colourless liquid; pale straw-colored liquid

101.3

-112

137.03

insol

@ 25 ° C/4 ° C

4.72

65 DEG F oc

265

1-BROMO-2-CHLOROETHANE
107-04-0

colourless liquid

107

-16.7

143.4

@ 30 ° C

@ 20 ° C/4 ° C

4.94

@ 82.7 ° C

BROMOFORM
75-25-2

heavy liquid; hexagonal scales; colourless to yellow liquid

149.1

8.0

252.73

sl sol

2.8899

8.7

0.7

CARBON TETRABROMIDE
558-13-4

monoclinic tablets from diluted alcohol; colourless crystals

189.5

90

331.63

insol

2.9609

11.4

@ 96 °C

CARBON TETRACHLORIDE
56-23-5

colourless, clear, heavy liquid

76.5

-23

153.8

insol

1.5940

5.32

12.2

CHLOROBROMOME­THANE
74-97-5

clear colourless liquid; pale yellow liquid

68

-88

129.38

insol

1.9344

4.5

15.8

1-CHLORO-3-BROMO­PROPANE
109-70-6

colourless liquid

143.3

-58.9

157.44

insol

1.5969

1-CHLOROBUTANE
109-69-3

colourless liquid

78.6

-123.1

92.56

insol

0.8862

3.2

80.1 mm Hg

1.8 ll
10.1 ul

-9 cc

460

2-CHLORO-2-METHYLPROPANE
507-20-0

50.9

-26

92.56

sl sol

0.8420

CHLOROFORM
67-66-3

clear, colourless liquid

61.5

-64

119.39

sl sol

1.4832

4.12

21.2

1,2-DIBROMO-3-­CHLOROPROPANE
96-12-8

colourless liquid when pure

196

5

236.36

0.1 g/100 ml

@ 14 °C

8.2

0.1

77

DIBROMOETHANE
74-95-3

clear, colourless liquid

97

-52.5

173.83

sl sol

2.4970

6.05

5

1,1-DICHLOROETHANE
75-34-3

oily liquid; colourless liquid

57

-98

98.97

sl sol

1.175

3.44

24

5.6 ll
11.4 ul

-6 cc

458

1,1-DICHLORO-PRO­PANE
78-99-9

liquid

88.1

112.98

insol

1.1321

3.90

3.4 ll
14.5 ul

21 cc

1,2-DICHLOROPRO­PANE
78-87-5

colourless liquid

96.4

-100.4

112.99

0.26% by wt at 20 °C

1.159 at 25 °C/25 °C

3.9

50 mm Hg at 25 °C

3.4% ll
14.5% ul

21 oc

557

1,3-DICHLOROPROPANE
142-28-9

colourless liquid

120.4

-99.5

112.99

0.3 g/100 ml

1.1876

3.90

18 torr

3.4 ll
14.5 ul

21 cc

ETHYL BROMIDE
74-96-4

colourless, liquid

38.2

-119

108.98

sl sol

1.4612

3.76

@ 25 °C

6.8 ll
8.0 ul

-20 cc

511

ETHYL CHLORIDE
75-00-3

colourless liquid

12.3

-138.7

64.5

sl sol

0.8978

2.22

133.3

3.8 ll
15.4 ul

-50 cc

510

ETHYL IODIDE
75-03-6

liquid

72

-108

155.97

sl sol

1.9358

5.4

@ 25 °C

ETHYLENE DIBROMIDE
106-93-4

colourless, heavy liquid

131-132

9.8

187.88

0.34 g/100 ml at 20 °C; *0.404 g/100 g 20 °C.;

2.172 g/ml

6.5

11 mm Hg at 20 °C

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
107-06-2

clear, colourless, oily liquid

@ 20 °C

1.2351 AT 20 °C

3.42

6.2% ll
16% ul

13 °C cc
18 °C oc

413

HEPTACHLOR
76-44-8

white; white to light tan waxy solid

135-145

95.5

373.35

insol

1.65

@ 25 °C

HEXACHLOROCYCLO­HEXANE
608-73-1

white or yellowish powder or flakes; brown-to-white amorphous powder

65

290.80

insol

1.87

1.85

4.2 Pa

a-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE
319-84-6

crystalline powder

288

156-161

insol

1.87

3 Pa

b-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE -
319-85-7

crystalline powder

@ 0.50

312

290.83

insol

@ 19 °C

0.7 Pa

d-HEXACHLOROCY­CLOHEXANE
319-86-8

plates

141-2

290.83

HEXACHLOROETHANE
67-72-1

rhombic crystals from alcohol and ether; colourless crystals; crystalline powder; colourless solid; crystal structure: rhombic up to 46 °C; triclinic 46-71 °C

187

187

236.74

insol

2.091

8.16

53 Pa

IODOFORM
75-47-8

yellow powder or crystals; small, greenish yellow or lustrous crystals or powder; yellow hexagonal prisms or needles from acetone

218

119

393.7

insol

@ 25 °C

13.6

ISOBUTYL CHLORIDE
513-36-0

68.5

-130.3

92.56

0.8810

2-CHLOROPROPANE
75-29-6

colourless liquid

35.7

-117.2

78.54

sl sol

0.8617

2.7

@ 25 °C

ISOPROPYL CHLOROFORMATE
108-23-6

colourless liquid

105

122.55

insol

1.08 g/ml

4.2

156

METHYL BROMIDE
74-83-9

colourless gas

3.55

-93.66

94.95

1.75 g/100 g

3.974 g/l (gas)

3.3

1420 mm Hg

13.5 ll
14.5 ul

537

METHYL CHLORIDE
74-87-3

colourless gas; compresses to colourless liquid

24.0

-97.7

50.49

sol

0.9159

2.47

475

8.1 ll
17.4 ul

-46 flammable gas

634

METHYL IODIDE
74-88-4

colourless, transparent liquid

42.5

-66.5

141.94

sl sol

2.28

4.9

@ 25 °C

METHYLENE CHLORIDE
75-09-2

colourless liquid

40

-95.1

84.9

sl sol

1.3266

2.9

47.4

14 ll
25 ul

640

PENTACHLOROETHANE
76-01-7

colourless liquid

161-162

-29

202.29

insol

1.6796

7.0

@ 25 °C

1,1,1,2-TETRACHLO­ROETHANE
630-20-6

yellowish red crystals

130.5

-70.2

167.85

sl sol

1.5406

1,1,2,2-TETRACHLO­ROETHANE
79-34-5

colourless pure to pale-yellow liquid

146.5

-44

167.86

sl sol

1.5953

5.79

@ 25 °C

TETRACHLORO­ETHANE
25322-20-7

heavy corrosive colourless liquid

146.5

-43

1,1,1-TRICHLORO­ETHANE
71-55-6

colourless liquid

74.0

-30.4

133.4

sl sol

1.3376

4.63

13.3

7 ll
16 ul

537

1,1,2-TRICHLORO­ETHANE
79-00-5

colourless liquid

113.8

-36.5

133.4

insol

1.4416

4.21 g/l

2.5

6 ll
15.5 ul

1,2,3-TRICHLORO­PROPANE
96-18-4

colourless to straw-coloured liquid

157

-14.7

147.43

sl sol

1.3889

5.1

0.267

3.2 ll
12.6 ul

82

304

 

Back

Read 1699 times

" DISCLAIMER: The ILO does not take responsibility for content presented on this web portal that is presented in any language other than English, which is the language used for the initial production and peer-review of original content. Certain statistics have not been updated since the production of the 4th edition of the Encyclopaedia (1998)."

Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides
Guide to Occupations
Guide to Chemicals
Guide to Units and Abbreviations