Tuesday, 09 August 2011 02:03

Ketones: Physical & Chemical Properties

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Chemical Name
CAS-Number

Colour/Form

Boiling Point (°C)

Melting Point (°C)

Molecular Weight

Solubility in Water

Relative Density (water=1)

Relative Vapour Density (air=1)

Vapour Pressure/ (Kpa)

Inflam.
Limits

Flash Point (°C)

Auto Ignition Point ( °C)

ACETONE
67-64-1

colourless liquid

56.2

-95.35

58.08

misc

0.7899

2.0

2.15 ll
13.0 ul

-20

465

ACETOPHENONE
98-86-2

monoclinic prisms or plates; slightly oily liquid; colourless liquid; liquid forms laminar crystals at low temperature

202

20.5

120.16

insol

@ 15(°C)/15 °C

4.14

@ 25 °C

82 oc

570

ACETYL BROMIDE
506-96-7

colourless liquid

76

-96

122.96

sol

@ 9 °C

@ 21

BENZOPHENONE
119-61-9

white crystals

305

49

182.2

insol

1.1

p-BENZOQUINONE
106-51-4

yellow monoclinic prisms from water or petroleum ether; greenish-yellowish solid

115.7

108.09

sl sol

@ 20 °C/4 °C

3.7

@ 25 °C

38-93 cc

560

1-BROMO-2-PRO­PANONE
598-31-2

colourless liquid; rapidly becomes violet even in absence of air

137

-36.5

136.99

sl sol

@ 23 °C

4.75

1.20

1-CHLORO-2-PRO­PANONE
78-95-5

colourless liquid

119.7

-44.5

92.53

sol

@ 25 °C

40 oc

CHLORACETYL CHLORIDE
75-36-5

colourless to slightly yellow liquid

106

21.77

112.95

1.4202

2.35

2-CHLOROACETO­PHENONE
532-27-4

colourless to grey crystals

247

56.5

154.6

insol

@ 15 °C

5.3

< 10 Pa

118

CYCLOHEXANONE
108-94-1

oily liquid; water-white to pale yellow liquid

155.6

16.4

98.14

sol

@ 25 °C; 0.9478

3.4

@ 26.4 °C

1.1 ll
9.4 ul

63 cc

420

CYCLOHEXANONE OXIME
100-64-1

hexagonal prisms from petroleum ether

206-210

89-90

113.18

sol

CYCLOPENTANONE
120-92-3

water-white, mobile liquid

130.6

-51.3

84.12

insol

0.948

2.3

@ 25 °C

31cc

DIACETONE
123-42-2

colourless liquid

167.9

-44

116.16

misc

@ 25 °C

4.0

0.13

1.8 ll
6.9 ul

66 oc

acetone-free 603 com­mercial 643

DICHLORACETYL CHLORIDE
79-36-7

colourless to yellow fuming liquid

107 - 108

147.4

decomposes

1.53

5.09

3.06

11.9 ll
? ul

66

585

DIETHYL KETONE
96-22-0

colourless, mobile liquid

101.7

-39.8

86.13

v sol

0.814

3.0

@ 25 °C

1.6.

13 oc

452

DIKETENE
674-82-8

clear, colourless liquid when pure

127.4

-6.5

84.08

sol

1.0897

2.9

34 oc

2,6-DIMETHYL-4-HEP­TANONE
108-83-8

colourless liquid

168

- 42

142.2

insol

0.805

4.9

0.23

@ 93 °C ul

49 cc

396

DIPROPYL KETONE
123-19-3

144

-33

114.18

insol

1.407

ETHYL AMYL KETONE
106-68-3

167.5

128.21

insol

@

ETHYL BUTYL KETONE
106-35-4

clear liquid

@ 765 mm Hg

-39

114.21

insol

0.8183

@ 25 °C

46 oc

2,5-HEXANEDIONE
110-13-4

194

-5.5

114.4

v sol

0.737

ISOPHORONE
78-59-1

water-clear liquid

@ 754 mm Hg

-8.1

138.2

sl sol

0.9229

4.77

@ 25 °C

0.8 ll
3.8 ul

84 cc

460

KETENE
463-51-4

colourless gas

- 56

-150

42.0

reacts

1.4

Flammable gas

MESITYL OXIDE
141-79-7

The substance can presumably form explosive peroxides • Reacts violently with strong oxidants • Attacks many plastics

3

4-METHOXY-4-ME­THYL-2-PENTANONE
107-70-0

water-white liquid

147-163

130.21

v sol

@ 25 °C

METHYL AMYL KETONE
110-43-0

water-white liquid

151.5

-35.5

114.18

v sol

@ 15 °C; 0.8068

3.9

@ 25 °C

@ 66 °C ll

39 cc

393

METHYL BUTYL KETONE
591-78-6

colourless liquid

128

-57

100.16

sl sol

0.8113

3.5

@ 25 °C

1.3 ll
8.0 ul

25 cc

423

2-METHYLCYCLO HEXANONE
583-60-8

112.19

METHYL ETHYL KETONE
78-93-3

colourless liquid

79.6

-86.3

72.10

v sol

0.805

2.41

10.33

@ 93 °C ul

-9 cc

404

5-METHYL-3-HEP­TANONE
541-85-5

colourless liquid

157-162

128.24

insol in water

0.820-0.824 /20 °C

@ 0.27

59

5-METHYL-2-HEXANONE
110-12-3

colourless liquid

144

73.9

114.21

sl sol

0.888 /20 °C

3.9

0.60

@ 93 °C ul

36 cc

191

METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE
108-10-1

colourless liquid

116.8

-84.7

100.16

sl sol

0.7978

3.5

2.09

@ 93 °C ul

24 oc

460

METHYL ISOPROPYL KETONE
563-80-4

colourless liquid

94

- 92

86.1

sl sol

0.8

3.46

@ 29.6 °C

1.2 ll
8.2 ul

3

456

METHYL PROPYL KETONE
107-87-9

colourless liquid

101.7

-77.8

86.13

sl sol

0.805

3.0

@ 25 °C

1.5 ll
8.2 ul

70 cc

505

METHYLVINYL KETONE
78-94-4

colourless liquid

81.4

-7

70.09

sol

@ 25 °C

2.41

@ 25 °C

2.1 ll
15.6 ul

-7 cc

491

2,4-PENTANEDIONE
123-54-6

colourless or slightly yellow liquid

@ 746 mm Hg

-23

100.12

v sol

@ 25 °C

3.5

0.39

2.4 ll
11.6 ul

34 cc

335

 

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Contents

Preface
Part I. The Body
Part II. Health Care
Part III. Management & Policy
Part IV. Tools and Approaches
Part V. Psychosocial and Organizational Factors
Part VI. General Hazards
Part VII. The Environment
Part VIII. Accidents and Safety Management
Part IX. Chemicals
Part X. Industries Based on Biological Resources
Part XI. Industries Based on Natural Resources
Part XII. Chemical Industries
Part XIII. Manufacturing Industries
Part XIV. Textile and Apparel Industries
Part XV. Transport Industries
Part XVI. Construction
Part XVII. Services and Trade
Part XVIII. Guides
Guide to Occupations
Guide to Chemicals
Guide to Units and Abbreviations